Jicama is not completely uncommon in a standard grocery store produce department, but it’s the garden center that is foreign to this tuberous root. It may be because jicama requires roughly 9 months of hot weather for a good crop, but this requirement can be fudged somewhat by starting seeds or plants indoors long before they’re ever to be planted out. A greenhouse doesn’t hurt either. If you’re feeling adventurous and are dying to try something new in the garden, jicama might just be the answer.
Soak seeds in water overnight. After soaking, sow at least 2 seeds into each 4 inch pot filled with a potting mixture intended for seedlings. Place them under a grow light, on a warm windowsill or in a greenhouse, approximately 8–10 weeks before the last frost or earlier if your growing season is quite short. Thin the seedlings once germination is complete, leaving the strongest seedling in each pot to thrive. Transplant into larger pots regularly as plants outgrow their containers until it is safe to plant them outside. Support the plants if necessary.
Jicama prefers full sun and a fair amount of space. It can be planted out once hardened off and the threat of frost has long passed. If the soil is rich with organic matter and is light and friable, you may only need up to 4 months for smaller roots to mature, which are equally as tasty as the larger ones. Pinch out the growth tips if the plants are getting too big and to encourage bushy, dense growth. Do not let the plants go to seed; pinch out the flowers for added root production.
Jicama is a day-length sensitive plant, which means that the tubers are not produced until the days toward the end of the growing season are fewer than 9 hours long. These shorter days often coincide with the first frosts of fall, so you may need to provide protection to get tubers of a usable size. Greenhouses work; so do cloches and portable cold frames, which protect the foliage from the threat of frost while heating up the micro-environment around the plant itself, thus extending the season somewhat. Jicama can also be grown indoors under a light set-up. You will only be able to grow one or two plants, but it’s definitely worth the effort. Cloches can also be used at the beginning of the season to hasten the process in the early stages and to acclimate the young plants to the outdoors.
The plants will require support at some stage, if you want to keep them off of the ground. You can train jicama on a net, wire fence or bamboo tri-pod, but remember that if it is raised off of the ground, it might be impossible to protect it from frost.
Similar to potatoes, any parts of jicama growing above soil level are toxic. Avoid eating any parts that were growing above soil level. If you see any parts of the tubers being exposed to the sun, hill with soil.
Dig the tubers once the foliage has died away, likely from frost, as late in the season as possible to allow time for the tubers to develop. Once harvested, store the roots in a cool, dark location to prevent them from getting woody and tough.
Tips for Growing Jicama
Jicama can be added to the vegetable garden or to large containers once it is large enough, but its ornamental value is limited.
If you have a short, cool growing season, jicama can also be grown under polyethylene tunnels. These will heat up the environment surrounding the plants, while keeping pests at bay.
Jicama Problems and Pests
Weevils can pose a problem; otherwise, jicama is a pest-free plant.